Other Reportable Diseases

Other Reportable Diseases

Other reportable diseases are diseases that are required to be reported to public health authorities for surveillance and control purposes.

Enteric Diseases

Enteric diseases are caused by micro-organisms such as viruses, bacteria and parasites that cause intestinal illness. The illnesses most frequently result from consuming contaminated food or water, and some can spread from person to person 1.

Vectorborne Diseases

Illnesses that are transmitted by organisms that act as vectors such as mosquitoes, flies, ticks.

Waterborne Diseases

A waterborne disease outbreak occurs when two or more people get the same illness from the same contaminated water. Public health officials have been tracking waterborne disease in the United States for more than 100 years, and CDC has been overseeing waterborne disease and outbreak tracking since 1971.

Bloodborne Diseases

Germs that can have a long-lasting presence in human blood and disease in humans are called bloodborne pathogens. The most common and dangerous germs spread through blood in the hospital are: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). These viruses cause infections and liver damage. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).

Respiratory Diseases

A disease that affects the lungs, bronchus and respiration.

Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (VPD)

Vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs) are infectious diseases caused by viruses or bacteria that can be prevented with vaccines. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), tens of thousands of people in the United States get sick with VPDs. Infections caused by these diseases can result in hospitalizations and can sometimes be fatal. The best protection against VPDs are vaccines. Vaccines help reduce the incidence of VPDs and in some cases has helped to eliminate these health threats.